Treaty of 1762

In 1762 there was a Treaty between the Nawab of the Carnatic (Arcot) and the Rajah of Tanjore on the distribution of holdings and recognitions concerned with their conquests/holdings. We are here concerned with the 5th Article of the Treaty which restored and confirmed the Jagir to A.Thirumala Rao Sahib and his descendants, subject to the following conditions.
  1. That the Jaghirdar should not erect any fort or stronghold within his estate.
  2. That he should behave in all respects with the utmost obedience to the Government of the East India Company and the Nabob of the Carnatic.
  3. That he should not retain any military force.
  4. That he should do everything in his power to provide for the welfare of his ryots, the increase of  cultivation and improvement of the country.
  5. That he should not impose any new duties or cesses.
  6. Lastly that he should pay a nuzzur of Rs 10,000 annually to the Nabob
This Treaty was guaranteed by the Government of Fort St. George and confirmed by the East India Company. In spite of this Treaty being in force, the Nabob in 1771 took advantage of the fact that the new Jagirdar was a minor , alleging  Brahmin rebellion and ousted him. Hyder Ali and Tippo and the Nabob continued this seizure, in turns till 1789, though there were several objections raised by the Court of Directors in 1775 and again in 1784 when they disapproved of this arrangement and insisted that the Nabob has no right to withhold the Jagir from the descendants of Trimula Rao(Sahib) as the East India Company have been pledged to the Treaty of 1762. Finally in 1789 Mr. John Holland acting on behalf of the East India Company gave the Jagir to Srinivasa Rao Sahib after taking a bribe. The Court order after exonerating Srinivasa Rao Sahib of any misconduct with regard to the alleged Brahmin uprising, and after taking to task the Nabob for not honoring the Treaty, had this to say about the bribe episode "..until the year 1789 when Mr. John Holland gave the Jagir to Sreenevas Rao, and although he was bribed to do justice, yet it seems clear that his decision was consistent with the orders of the (East India) Company"

backanim.GIF (1675 bytes)